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  1. How National Institutions Mediate the Global: Screen Translation, Institutional Interdependencies, and the Production of National Difference in Four European Countries

    How do national institutional contexts mediate the global? This article aims to answer this question by analyzing screen translation—the translation of audiovisual materials like movies and television programs—in four European countries: France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Poland. A cross-national, multi-method research project combining interviews, ethnography, and a small survey found considerable cross-national differences in translation norms and practices, sometimes leading to very different translated versions of the same product.

  2. Rage against the Iron Cage: The Varied Effects of Bureaucratic Personnel Reforms on Diversity

    Organization scholars since Max Weber have argued that formal personnel systems can prevent discrimination. We draw on sociological and psychological literatures to develop a theory of the varied effects of bureaucratic reforms on managerial motivation. Drawing on self-perception and cognitive-dissonance theories, we contend that initiatives that engage managers in promoting diversity—special recruitment and training programs—will increase diversity.

  3. The Power of Transparency: Evidence from a British Workplace Survey

    Does the dissemination of organizational financial information shift power dynamics within workplaces, as evidenced by increasing workers’ wages? That is the core question of this investigation. We utilize the 2004 and 2011 series of the British Workplace Employment Relations Survey (WERS) to test whether employees who report that their managers disclose workplace financial data earn more than otherwise similar workers not privy to such information.

  4. Choice, Information, and Constrained Options: School Transfers in a Stratified Educational System

    It is well known that family socioeconomic background influences childhood access to opportunities. Educational reforms that introduce new information about school quality may lead to increased inequality if families with more resources are better able to respond. However, these policies can also level the playing field for choice by equalizing disadvantaged families’ access to information. This study assesses how a novel accountability system affected family enrollment decisions in the Chicago Public Schools by introducing new test performance information and consequences.

  5. Review Essays: Culture, Poverty, and Racial Inequality: A New Agenda?

    David J. Harding reviews The Cultural Matrix: Understanding Black Youth, edited by Orlando Patterson with Ethan Fosse.

  6. Review Essays: Stem Cell Initiatives as a New Window into Health Disparities

    Jill A. Fisher reviews People’s Science: Bodies and Rights on the Stem Cell Frontier, by Ruha Benjamin.

  7. Review Essays: The Commercialization and Digitization of Social Movement Society

    Guobin Yang reviews Expect Us: Online Communities and Political Mobilization by Jessica L. Beyer, Do-It-Yourself Democracy: The Rise of the Public Engagement Industry by Caroline W. Lee, and The Coming Swarm: DDOS Actions, Hacktivism, and Civil Disobedience on the Internet by Molly Sauter

  8. Review Essays: A Collective Object for the Sociology of Morality Project

    Omar Lizardo reviews The Moral Background: An Inquiry into the History of Business Ethics by Gabriel Abend

  9. Review Essays: Privileged Pathways for Privileged Students: Class Reproduction at the Top

    Jessi Streib reviews Pedigree: How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs by Lauren Rivera

  10. Review Essays: Fighting Words

    Francesca Polletta reviews The Language of Contention: Revolutions in Words, 1688-2012